Satin is one of the most popular wedding and evening attire options. And it is easy to guess why! This luxurious fabric has a strikingly shiny upper side that adds depth, dynamics and a bit of dramatic character to the design. The seamy side of the fabric is always matte. If translated literally from Arabic, “satin” means “smooth”. A special satin weaving of threads gives the fabric its distinctive gloss.
So let’s have a closer look at this exquisite fabric. In today’s article, we will figure out the main differences between satin and sateen fabrics, present their detailed description, as well as show photos with inspiring ideas of wedding dresses design.
What is the origin of satin?
The history of satin starts in medieval China, where it was originally made of silk. For the first time ever satin was produced in the Chinese port city of Quanzhou.
Fabrics and weaving techniques were transferred along the Silk Road and became widespread in the Middle East. Italy was the first Western country to engage in satin production in the XII century. In Europe satin gained its popularity as far back as the fourteenth century. In fact, most of the upholstery in the Palace of Versailles was made of satin.
Satin weaving is characterized by four or more warp threads passing over one warp thread, or vice versa: four or more warp threads passing through one warp thread. During the weaving process the warp threads remain stationary on the weaving machine, and the weft threads are woven on top and under the warp.
The satin was originally made by applying silk, the latter being a long continuous thread extracted from a silkworm cocoon. Modern satin is made of polyester and viscose, which can be produced to form long threads.
Sateen fabric characteristic
Commonly, while they are choosing a fabric, many customers tend to confuse satin and sateen. Yet, sateen is a fabric made through the use of short staple fibers in a sateen pattern. Staple fibers are short fibers rather than long continuous fibers like silk. For example, cotton produces short fibers which (similar to sateen) form cotton sateen in the weaving process.
By its characteristics satin has a very pleasant hand feel, this fabric is soft and lies down in beautiful folds. Satin resembles silk in appearance. Twisting of thick warp threads and thin weft threads gives a special shine to the surface of the material.
Light and shiny, silk or polyester types of sateen are used for tailoring evening gowns, wedding dresses with minimalist design and underwear. Thicker woolen sateen is used for coats, trousers and other sorts of outerwear. Depending on raw material, sateen as a rule is rather complicated fabric for cutting and sewing, as it is very slippery and tends to lose its original shape.
You can purchase high-quality sateen in our Wedding Style online store to create unique wedding and evening collections. Check out the sateen fabrics offerings in the Satin / Sateen category.
Types of sateen fabrics
There are the following types of satin fabrics:
- Сrepe satin. This is the material that resembles satin or silk in appearance. It has its typical luster and fine-grained surface. The сloth face is smooth with a glossy sheen; the seamy side is matte, rough-grained. The fabric allows you to beautifully emphasize the womanly body curves. The same material has been used by Pronovias for sleep dresses style – to evaluate the result, see the photo below. You can check out the photo of the fabric itself in the Wedding Style online store: a thin version of crepe satin is CS56, the denser one is – CS23. Dense version of the fabric is suitable for mermaid silhouette dress and A-silhouette, identical to the ones of Rosa Clara brand.
- Silk satin. High-quality, thin fabric is made of genuine silk. Silk elastic sateen cloth is one of our most popular sateen fabrics. It is perfect for charming evening attires, mermaid dresses, blouses or luxurious lingerie. Our silk satin elastic fabric is available in a wide range of beautiful plain colors, photos of which can be found on the product page (see ST06 item number).
We have already figured out the difference between satin and sateen, now let’s get back to the satin fabrics characteristics.
Satin fabric characteristic
Satin weaves are more flexible than any other weaves. The fabric is known for its shiny surface and beautiful draping created by applying this cloth.
Here are several satin characteristics:
- Shiny cloth face. Satin weaves create shiny, soft front side of the fabric and dull seamy side owing to the arrangement of warp and weft threads. The hand feel of satin is pleasant and soft. Furthermore, the fabric fits the figure beautifully.
- Suitable for drapery. Owing to the concentration of fibers and the elastance of the fabric, satin fabrics create soft and light drapery that makes them perfect for wedding and evening dresses.
- Strength. Since in satin long and very tightly woven filaments are used, the resulting material is stronger than many other fabrics with a smooth weave.
- It keeps its shape well, which allows the creation of beautiful volume folds
However, there are some disadvantages to the satin fabric including:
- Inconveniences when being cut due to its fray and slipper surface.
- Shrinkage from washing at high temperature.
Types of Satin Fabrics
Depending on the type of fibers in the composition and their ratio, the following types of satin fabrics are singled out:
- Basic satin. A distinctive feature of this type is its high strength and lack of elasticity. The surface of the material is matte, but, at the same time it emits a faint noble shine. In our online store there are several options for basic satin of different density. For detailed characteristics of each offering as well as their photos, check out the product pages (item numbers S28, S15A, FS035A).
- Stretch Satin. It is an elastic fabric of different density with a glossy surface. Our dense stretch satin S103 can become a great option for the dresses that hold the shape. The fabric is smooth, dimensionally stable, dense and emits a faint silk sheen. It is widely used in sewing corset parts, and owing to its wear properties it is often used as a lining. Thin elastic variants such as S63, S53A are also available. The latter are suitable for the light, sophisticated outfits as they will certainly add spectacular shine and make the attires incredibly comfortable. High quality satin will endow the product with sophistication and presentability.
- Double face satin. This is a dense fabric, surface of which can be either completely matte (item number FS19) or moderate shine (item number S40).
- Dupont satin. The material is dense and quite elastic. Its characteristic feature is the strong gloss of the front side of the cloth. You can buy Dupont satin at wholesale in our online store. The item number is S92.
- Silk Satin. This is satin weave material with the addition of natural silk.
More often than not Ukrainian and foreign fashion designers resort to satin fabrics when creating wedding attires. These can be dresses of different silhouettes – from the “Princess” to the “Godet”, depending on the material characteristics and its flexibility. The satin fabric makes perfect combinations with chiffon, taffeta, organza, tulle, lace and Swarovski crystals. To find your perfect combination, check out Wedding Style online store catalog.